Morning sickness is nausea and vomiting that happens during pregnancy. More than half of pregnant women have nausea and vomiting, especially during the first trimester.
Despite its name, you can have morning sickness at any time of day. It doesn’t mean your baby is sick, and it doesn’t hurt the baby. Pregnancy nausea is probably caused by the sudden increase of hormones in your body. It’s usually mild and goes away about midway through your pregnancy. Some women never feel nauseated during their pregnancy.
Some women get a severe form of morning sickness called hyperemesis gravidarum. This happens when severe nausea and vomiting leads to dehydration or causes the woman to lose more than 5% of her pregnancy body weight. Sometimes, she may not get enough nutrients, leading to malnourishment. The woman may have to stay in the hospital to get fluids, medication, and rarely, a feeding tube.
Morning Sickness Symptoms
General symptoms of morning sickness include:
Call your doctor if you:
Morning Sickness Causes and Risk Factors
Experts aren’t sure, but pregnancy hormones may cause nausea. In the case of severe nausea and vomiting, there could be another medical condition that isn’t related to pregnancy.
Things that may make you more likely to have morning sickness include:
You’re at higher risk of hyperemesis gravidarum if:
Morning Sickness Diagnosis
Diagnosing morning sickness is based on your signs and symptoms. If your doctor suspects you have hyperemesis gravidarum, they may also order urine or blood tests.
Morning Sickness Treatment and Home Remedies
For moderate to severe morning sickness, your doctor may recommend:
To treat hyperemesis gravidarum, you may need to stay in the hospital and get:
You can also try some of these home remedies: